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After researching on NFs from different vendors, no matter NFs are PNF, VNF or CNF, they are designed as distributed applications, which usually contains functional modules including interface module, data storage module, operation and management module, NF logic processing modules.

Functional modules' description are as follows. Different NFs from different vendors  may have difference on design and implementation, but they almost follow this similar design paradigm. 

  • Interface Module: module in charge of South-North communication between different NFs, which is usually implemented as load balancer. 
  • NF logic processing modules: modules processing NF service logics. For example AMF contains functions of access management, security management, session management etc., and these functions can be implemented as different NF logic processing modules.
  • Data storage module: module stores NF states, user data and service processing context. Cloud native NF requires network logic processing module is stateless and supports scaling in/out horizontally, which usually results in that the NF data are stored in independent DB.
  • OAM(operation and management) module: module in charge of NF management, configuration, monitoring, etc. 
  • Internal communication module: module support internal communication between differrent modules within a NF.

Among all these functional modules, OAM module is one of the most commonly used module within different NFs, which makes it possible to be shared among NFs as a PaaS service. Providing OAM module as a platform capability can relief the developers from spending too much effort on non-NF logic design and development. So in XGVela release 1, cloud native OAM for NF is planned to be delivered.

Draft High-level architecture

Draft High-level Architecture of cloud native OAM module

Cloud native OAM is a group of operation and management functionalities, which is treated as a group of tightly related PaaS capabilities running as containers. This module can provide local O&M functionalities for cloud native NFs on edge as well as O&M data service capablity.

Cloud native OAM is planned to be designed as three logical layers: agent layer, processing layer and data sharing layer.

  • Agent layer connects with network functions southbound. It will be in charge of the collection of NF's O&M data and operation delivery. Cloud native network functions can use the methods defined by Agent layer to get connected with and use functions of cloud native OAM. Functionalities of this layer is usually deployed in the same environment together with NFs. 
  • Processing layer  is the moddile and core processing layer of cloud native OAM. It will processing the data collected by Agent layer, the processing operation includes but not limited to data storage, data processing, policy checking, etc. This layer will also transfer data and instructions among Agent layer and Data sharing layer. Functionalities in this layer can be deployed together with Agent layer as well as in different container environment.
  • Data sharing layer is a group of northbound interfaces, which provide O&M data subscription and NF management interfaces. The management systems like OSS or 3rd party management systems could manage the NF and get datas through these interfaces.

Relationship clarification

Cloud native OAM module planned to be designed as a Telco PaaS capability. Newly developed code and existing software integration will both exist.

Potential software integration will include Prometheus as performance metrics management backend, EFK as log management backend, Kafka as message queue, MySQL as NF data storage backend. XGVela TMaaS will also be integrated to provide NF topology.

Documentation & Training

Release Planning & Release Notes

Code delivery project.

Functional features to be delivered:

  1. NF register (new): A function that supports NF to register to cloud native OAM after being successfully deployed. As functions of cloud native OAM are PaaS capabilities, which can be deployed independently with NFs, this function provides a method for NF to register itself to cloud native OAM. This function will collect and store NF data including NF ID, NF name, NF service IP and port, etc., and will also provide a northbound API to inform management systems about new NF onborading. 
  2. NF management trigger (new + existing TMaaS integration): A function that allows management systems to manage NF after registering to cloud native OAM. For each telco operator or third-party customers, there would exist a central management system for their entire network system, which could be OSS or virtical industry management system. This function will support those management systems to establish unified connection with NF, get NF lists, get NF data, and manage NF configurations. In this function, the topology of NF, NF microservices and related deployment would also be provided to management systems.
  3. NF heartbeat management (new): A function that monitors the heartbeat and manages the status of NF. This function will collect NF heartbeat, check the NF running status according to heartbeat based on pre-defined policies given by management systems, and generate alert if heartbeat is wrong.
  4. NF configuration management (new): A function that manages that configuration of NFs. It supports getting configuration files, version management of configuration, configuration file storage, and configuring NFs. The northbound API provided supports northbound management ystems to get historical configuration list, get in-use configuration of target NF, and make configuration update.
  5. NF performance management (existing Prometheus integration): A function that manages the performace data of NFs. It supports collecting performance data from NFs, provide data subscription functionality through northbound API. As promrtheus is commonly used for perfomance metrics data management, it will be integrated to implement this function.
  6. NF alarm management: A function that collects and store alarm of NFs, and report them to management systems. This function will also processing the alarm data by alarm data supplement, duplicate alarm remove, etc.
  7. NF log management (existing EFK integration): A function that collects and store logs of NFs. EFK integratoin prefered.

Development Language:

Go, Java

Test plan:

Unit test to check the function and API of listed features

Documents to be delivered:

User guide, installing guide, test cases, design doc of functions and interfaces

Planned milestones:


Planned time

Project proposal and detailed plansJune / July
Functional & Interface DesignJune / July
Development plan and start codingJuly
Code deliveryLate September/ early October
TestMiddle October
Document deliveryLate October/ Early November

Project Facts

Project Creation Date: 2022-05-31
Primary Contact: 
Project Lead:  Qihui Zhao (Temparary)
Mailing List: 
Meetings:  Plan to have meeting every two weeks. Specific weekday hasn't been set yet.
Open Bugs: 

Project Working Documents

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Task report

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